It’s great that you’re interested in carbon capture technology! Carbon capture, also known as carbon capture and storage (CCS), is a process that captures carbon dioxide emissions from various sources, such as power plants or industrial facilities, and stores it underground or repurposes it for other uses. This technology plays a crucial role in mitigating climate change and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
One common method of carbon capture is post-combustion capture. This process involves capturing CO2 from the flue gas produced by power plants or other facilities after the fossil fuel is burned. This captured CO2 can then be transported through pipelines and stored underground in geological formations, such as saline aquifers or depleted oil and gas fields. This prevents the CO2 from entering the atmosphere and contributing to global warming.
Another method is pre-combustion capture. Here, the carbon is captured before the fuel is burned. The fuel, usually natural gas or coal, is converted into a mixture of hydrogen and CO2. The CO2 is then separated and stored, while the hydrogen can be used as a clean energy source. This process is commonly used in industries that produce hydrogen as a byproduct, like ammonia production or natural gas processing.
Both these methods have their own advantages and challenges, and the choice between them depends on various factors such as the type of industry or power plant and the availability of suitable storage sites. However, both methods are important in our efforts to combat climate change and achieve a more sustainable future.
I hope this gives you a good overview of carbon capture technology! Let me know if you have any more questions.